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12 Feb

In 1975, the X classification (officially: "pornographic or violence-inciting movies") was created for pornographic movies, or movies with successions of scenes of graphic violence.

For example, the French film Jules and Jim received an X rating in 1962 that was changed to a PG rating in 1991.

In some early cases, films politically motivated received an X rating.

In response, the MPAA eventually agreed in 1990 to a new NC-17 rating that would be trademarked, and could only be applied by the MPAA itself.

By trademarking the rating, the MPAA committed to defending a NC-17 film charged with violating obscenity laws.

People under 18 may not buy, rent, exhibit or view these films.The exhibition or sale of these films to people under the age of 18 years is a criminal offence carrying a maximum fine of ,500.The decision was highly controversial, and some suggested changing the law under which it was rated 18.The original X certificate, replacing the H certificate, was issued between 19 by the British Board of Film Censors in the United Kingdom.In some countries, X is or has been a motion picture rating reserved for the most explicit films.Films rated X are intended only for viewing by adults, usually defined as people over the age of 18 or 21.When the MPAA film rating system began in America on November 1, 1968, the X rating was given to a film by the MPAA if submitted to it or, due to its non-trademarked status, it could be self-applied to a film by a distributor that knew beforehand that its film contained content unsuitable for minors.

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